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Historical and contemporary landmarks in social policy

Introduction

In the perspective of social welfare social policy is considered as one of the significant component and it is also a historical landmark in welfare setting. Social policy is the collection of strategy by which the problems of society it may be personal, economical, health related or any services of welfare activities. The basic and main aim of social policy is to make capable individuals adjustable with its environment. The idea of social policy is not stable, it is dynamic and by the change of time the area and the pattern of social policy may be changed its internal and external element. The idea of social policy in not a new phenomenon in the perspective of the world and the stages of social services, from the ancient part of social welfare it was prevail and impact on the welfare services positively. In the process of development of social policy some factors influence for more develop or damage its internal or external components where it is also include the ideological matter that is also an important elements in policy formation and social care

Significant historical and contemporary landmarks in social welfare provision

significant historical and contemporary landmarks in social policy

Social policy refers the collection of different strategy by government, non-government or other institution to address the problems that are created by man and the problems make a barrier to complete the social functions in society perfectly. As human being we have to live in human society for our own benefits and survival from different damage situation. In human society problems are very common scenario that we cannot completely remove or destroy. So for combatting those social, personal, economic and others problems social policy are needed. Social policies are the policies and administrative actions for the better life to address crime, people disability and social security of the basic component of society. The history of social policy is not a small idea. In the 6th century it was started primarily in the age of Muslim. According to Alcock ,(2003, at that time first the idea of social policy as well as welfare state may be established. In the primary time of Muslim they collect Zakat at a certain rate from the rich people and use the Zakat money for the benefits of child, income less people, pension not only for Muslim but also for all people. But sociologist August Comte first research and plan social policy scientifically ant it was the result of his research. Social Policy mainly use for the countries that are industrial base like UK and others. Social Welfare programs were run in British scientifically by different programs that were landmark in the social policy. The Reform of Poor Law in UK can be considered as the pinner of Social policy that was an attempt by British Liberal Party. In Germany social security policies in 19th century Beveridge Report of 1942 and some actions for the care of disadvantage people by USA may be considered as the contemporary landmark of social policy. From the ancient part of social welfare social policy is an important demand for the better functioning of people in society where include hosing policy, education policy and health policy. It is significant for the sustainable development of society not only welfare state but also all states (Walsh, 2001).

changes in ideological approach since 1945 have impacted on contemporary social policies

Social policy has a great history since 1945 that may impact more on the social policy for its internal and external development. The changes that came before 1945 in the stages of social policy development and changes are remarkable in the history of social welfare and it impact positively. In 1919 the format of social policy change by the great privately all over the world and in this time British was the power man in world to change and make social policy. Social policy is made by the help of policymaker where include legislator, government or government agencies as well as the sociologist whose are specialize on this matter and the policy are founder to solve the social problems. By the change of time the pattern of social policy change because the problems are not same in all society for all people. The policies are implement in society for a planned and certain result. There is a long history of social policy change in British and USA ant it impact on the social policy for its development. Since 1939 in all over the world the people only think and advice another personally to solve problems that are created by the people in society and those problems are the main barrier in front of organism in society for their successful social functioning. To improve and to address the new and multidimensional social problems mainly after the industrial revolution the pattern of social policy and replaced by the organizational and effective social policy. By the change of social policy of ideological approach mainly impact on the some sectors of social policy and that are it ensure more benefits from before, the changes also ensure the power of control in any way of people by using different strategy and administration enforce. Here also the benefits of social policy change is it ensure the better and standard life of what direct affect the social policy (Blakemore, 2001).

The origins of social policies

processes involved in the development of a key Act of Parliament

Social policy had to pass a long history in human society to address the technological and ultramodern problems in modern world. The process involved in the development and it may be the key act of different countries parliament. United Kingdom was held the parliament for the first time in 1801. For achieving a certain aim and goals the instructions as well as the strategies where the morality and policy about same. For Acts of the devolved parliaments and assemblies in the United Kingdom, see the List of Acts of the Scottish Parliament from 1999. Social policy take a few time after taking the policy by the institution that try to develop the process and activities of the development. Policy and key act of parliament are those by what government ministry hopes to achieve and the methods of principle for sustainable development of the society as well as the people whose are faced the problems in the way of life. Social policy is not same with the law that are introduce in society but here a speech may accept that social policy can identify new law in the view for the need of time in act of parliament. The laws and policies are standard, produce in society and it must be followed by the persons whose are in problems (Schmid, 2004).

different influences on the development of social policy, including ideologies

In the way of human life the barrier that damage our development activities social problems is one of them. In the past of society social problems prevail and it is also prevail now. Social policies are those strategy that try to address the problems in human life and try to capable the people to adjust him with his environment by getting some initiatives. Social policies are developed for the many reasons but in the developing process came different influence and we will try to evaluate the influence of the components. For planned social changes may create a sound condition of society of human life that come only by the social policy but in this stage some external elements impact on the development of the social policy. For proper social security the attempts needs are only possible by the perfect social policy in the society. In Hantrais, (1995) words, the greater demand of social policy is to promote a universal social equity and the protestation people from different negative situation. But the components that influence in the developing activities are of social policy are the injustice as well as the illiteracy that is a common problems in many country. United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) defines social policy as public policies and institutions that aim to protect citizens from social contingencies and poverty, and ultimately to enable them to strive for their own life goals. In this all activities also include ideologies of social policy.

Impact of social policies on users of health and social care services

how social policy is implemented by organizations and partitions

Social policy is an idea that can address social problems in different situations where a rational outcome. Social policy is the system that try to reduce the general people’s problems and those problems may be considered as the certain problems. Social policies are those that are created for different types of people and the policies will value less if the policy cannot be implement in society. By the help of several institutions and organizations and partitions the social policy that are created for addressing social problems in society.  It is to ensure the identification structure of social welfare and legislation for social services that can implement the social policy in society for the better development of people in society. For the proper implementation of social policy economic and political issue of society may impact. Administrative helps also need for implement of social policy in society. In the setting of social work practice the change and the policy of social policy promote and implement by the strategic help of civil and other administrative body of situation. In implementing social policy some attempt are urgent, first making committee with the important person of government ant NGO representative. After committee making set the structure and explain or research about the policy also help to implement the policy in society and address social problems. At the last stages it should ensure the public support to the social policy because it is also important for the better development of people (Cnaan, 2002).

how the impact of social policy on users of health and social services can be measured

Social policy policies mainly deal with the social issue and the problems that are much related with the people of society and their life styles. In the sectors of health social policy have a great impact for because social policy not only deal with the social issue but also deal with the health issue for the better development of people. In public health and for the proper services to the people to stay healthy and protecting from different types of threats that make a disgusting problems in the way of life of a man. Health and social issues are at the forefront of policy and public concern today. This programs will help you to understand the diverse nature of these issues and the way in which policies aimed at addressing them are formed and implemented. In the structure of social policy programs in health and services for the sustainable development the study of health and social issue is so important that we cannot avoid it any way. The research of social policy by government mainly attention to the general health of people for design a success welfare programs in the modern world. When a social policy make for the society by the selected people health policy is considered first because it is one of the fundamental needs of a people. So in the social policy the health and social services are described as important and it must miserable (Lavalette and Pratt 2002).

impact of a specific policy on users of the relevant health and social care service

Health policy indicate the policy and the research focus mainly on the study of health insurance and rules of health relevant social care that help the people to increase the services to the people. In the evaluation of the impact of specific policy that are very relevant to the social policy in the sectors of health we can first explain the things that impact on the health services of people by the health insurance and others services that are urgently needed for human environment. Health and social care basically deal with a wide range of policy making area not only important for disadvantage people but also important for the people whose suffer psycho-social or economic problems, where also includes the uprising unemployment, social protection, consumer protection, health and the opportunities for the people equally in the sector of health as well as social services in the rights of human as a fundamental of health. In the social policy some elements are considered where the discriminations may occur and in the specific stages the policy or social care are taken because social policy can only ensure the standard life and healthy life for general people and in this sector the race and gender are not so important. In this modern time the question of security is one of the hot topic and mainly the heath security. Social policy and social care services can address those problems and protected heath threats by providing social care (Mishra, 1998).

investigation into recent developments in health and social care policy

recent development in health and social care policy

Health and social care of social policy is not an ancient components in the field of social welfare. In the recent era of development the social policy and the idea of social care and health are raise in front of people in the setting of personal and organizational activities. After the industrial revolution the problems and the health problems as well as the accident by the machines have increased great so the care of to address the accident and the social problems are considered as important component because it is not expected by the general organism of society. According to Venkatesh, (1997), If we explain and discuss the law that are created for the services social and health to the man, we find that the most of the laws are made in the recent time for the better development of people. The health and social care act 2012 is one of them in UK that was passed in UK parliament in the recent time. But the social policy and the health care also face some hindrance in the way of development. Health and social care is a vast service sector undergoing rapid change, with new government initiatives giving it a higher profile than ever. The vulnerable person of the society are needed the health like baby, infant, the pregnant woman in the sense of universality personal and organizational help. The service provider also improve the quality in the recent time because the health policy is one of the basic component of welfare activities.

differences in formation and adaption of social policy initiatives from other national perspectives

In the different social structure social policy are different because the relationship of people are not same for the people whose are live in the human society. The formations and adaption are difference by the base of services to the client in different situation and the scenario of their problems. The burgeoning interest in social capital within the climate change community represents a welcome move towards a concern for the behavioral elements of adaptive action and capacity (Vernon, 2003). In this paper the case is put forward for a critical engagement with social capital. Different formation are introduced and implement about social policy in the society. We can explain it briefly-

In the normal family the policy formation mainly conform to social norms the health and other policies that may be taken by the concerning body to address the problems where include average children programs and the growth of single parenthood which is also considered as the important elements for the formation of social policy. Teenage pregnancy was the matter in previous generations, but it has become more common scenario for women to delay childbearing. The causes for the delay, and for falling birthrates in society, include the impact of urban societies environment on the cost of having children, the changing role of women for their economic power, the economic effect of female employment in modern life and which leads to a loss of income if women leave the labor market to have children increasing education and later marriage at last availability of contraception with the people also a formation quality of social policy. In the adaptation quality some strategy may be followed by the organization that make social policy to address social problems.

Conclusion

After a critical discussion about social policy with its components it is clear to us that social policy are those important strategy that use to minimize or control social problems and ensure standard life of people. . For implementing the policy in society for the better condition and successful social functioning of individuals some government and non-government organization work with co-operation. These organization are considered as the heart to implement the policy that are made by the social welfare specialized for the better help of people. The health and social care are two fundamental subject of social policy because in the present time the question of health and security of life and property. In the evaluation of recent development of health social policy we find a massive development with some limitation to address problems.

References

  1. Alcock C, Payne S, and Sullivan M, (2003). Introducing Social Policy, FT Prentice Hall,
  2. Blakemore K, (2001). Social Policy, an Introduction, Open University Press
  3. Schmid, H. (2004). The role of nonprofit human service organizations in providing social services: A prefatory essay. 28 (3/4), 1-21.
  4. Hantrais, L. (1995) Social Policy in the European Union, Macmillan
  5. Lavalette M and Pratt A, (2002) Social Policy a Conceptual and Theoretical Introduction, 2nd edition
  6. Mishra R, (1998). The Welfare State in Capitalist Society; Policies of Retrenchment and Maintenance in Europe, North America and Australia
  7. Venkatesh, S.A. (1997). The Three-tier model: How helping occurs in urban, poor communities. Social Service Review, 12/97, 574-606
  8. Vernon S, (2003), Social Work and the Law, Butterworth’s.
  9. Cnaan, R. A. & Boddie, S.C. (2002). Charitable choice and faith-based welfare: A call for social work.  47 (3), 224 – 235.
  10. Walsh M, Stephens P and Moore S. (2001). Social Policy and Welfare, Stanley Thornes.

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