The report is about a social curse violating the social peace and destroying the life of teenager. In this report the author, showed the theoretical analysis of drugs and exemplified with logical names. The author described why more and more people are involving this addiction and responsible from personal, social and legal side. The author also explained the current prevalence rate of people among the total population addicted with this abuse. With that the author analyzed and showed theories experimented by different researcher and scholar. At the last part of this report, the author explain what roles different parties can be taken to stop this serious illness of society including public, government and media.
Question-1 Critically analyses the reasons why people take drugs
Using drug in the context of UK turned into a great social issue to be solved. Number of people using drug is increasing. In this part, the author will cover what literally drugs means, common examples of drugs, reasons behind using the drugs, current prevalence rates of using drugs in UK and different theories of drug addiction.
Briefing about Drug
Before going to analyze why most people take drugs we need to have about drugs. Drugs can be defined as medicine or other substance whether it is liquid or solid has a psychological effect on body or mind (Melis and Nougier, 2010). Drug can be inhaled, injected, smoked, consumed or absorbed via a patch on the skin or dissolved under the tongue causes a psychological change in the body. The most common used or popular drugs are wine, marijuana, heroin, cocaine etc.
Why people take or use drugs?
Behind every action, there is a reason. As taking drugs by all classes of people most in UK, is a common scenario. There must be some reasons we can claim about. Now this part will show various most possible root causes which motivates people to use or take drugs. These are stated below;
Some Drugs are legal
In UK, government made some drugs are legal. Say for example, nicotine and alcoholic drugs are more common (Beynon, 2008). As these drugs have legal identity although it is known that these are detrimental people use it. But most analyst and researcher addressed nicotine and alcohol are first step in the area of drug addiction. These drugs are first steps, when people have this experience they unknowingly motivated to have more serious and harmful drugs.
Curiosity of Young-mind
Although this seems a flexible reason, but it is most serious cause of taking drugs. Moreover people with teenage mentality sometimes has curiosity to taste drugs (Altice et al, 2010). But whenever they once entered in this way, they cannot come back. Young minds thinks that taking drugs may not harm them and they will relinquish it very soon, but most of the cases it is not happened.
It was found from the world largest drug addiction research that, misconception about the benefits of drugs leads people in drugs (Jürgens et al, 2010). People with higher pressure from family, job and mental agony for any reason think that, using drugs will reduce their mental pressure and they will feel good. It is considered as most detrimental wrong perception about taking drugs. It has been proven that, basically drugs have no role to reduce pressure rather it detreats the health and people get used it become unstable in mental condition.
Feeling of emptiness
Addiction often come to people who stay lonely. Loneliness creates a mental unhappiness to people. People feel empty and demotivated about life and society (Jacobs and Stessman, 2011). Then these lonely start to think that, their life is meaningless and valueless. Deprive of love and loneliness creates a mental pressure on that person. So at last he/she think taking drug can be remedy for their loneliness. But rather beings partner of loneliness drugs harm that person in mentally and physically.
Less legal burden and availability
Less legal absorption is another pretty cause of this problem of using drug (Jacobs and Stessman, 2011). When there will be no strict laws regarding using and commercializing of drugs in the country, people will be encouraged to take drugs. Less legal burden will free the selling and buying of drugs. This will assist in availability of drugs.
Lack of family awareness and education
Lack of family guidance and awareness is another reason mostly for teenager who are taking drugs. Or when teenager see that family members are taking drugs they from the very early of life used to learn it (Jacobs and Stessman, 2011). They are taught how to arrange drugs, how to use and when family is less careful about what children are doing, they feel free to do or use drugs easily.
People from different backgrounds or understanding at the end of the day think that taking drug will help them to cope with daily stress. One day this turned into routine work and habit. People think that taking drugs will help them reach self-medication or they will be closer to the universe. These lames thoughts motive taking drugs (Jacobs and Stessman, 2011).
People may use drugs for different reasons. Although in this part the most common causes of using drugs are stated. Expect these reasons some people take drugs because they lack of social and religious education and training, lack of social awareness, less government effort to eliminate this curse from society.
Prevalence rates of using drug
Before going to show rates of people who are used to use drug we need to have the theoretical about the term prevalence rates. Prevalence rates can be identified as the number of people in a population who have a disease (drugs uses in this part) at a given time (Measham et al, 2011). The numerator value will reflect the existing rate of people take drugs at a specified time and the denominator is the total population in general.
In recent study conducted by the Home Office Commission showed the parameter of people having problematic drug addiction. The study was a three year basis study published in July of the current year. The study covered people from age 15-24 years, 25-34 years, and 35-64 years(NTA, 2017). There was sufficient data collection to refer the standard of the study.
These groups are mostly selected with relevant information asking and there were a few recorded cases of under 18 years old using opiates or crack cocaine and therefore it was not possible by the researcher to provide estimates for that age group. A numerical data is given to clarify the overall prevalence rates of using drugs in UK.
|DATs||Number of PDUs||Population Size||Prevalence (Per 1000)|
So if we now first consider, DAT A seems to have a lesser drug problem existing as it has a much smaller population use or take drug. But when the prevalence rate are estimates the two area basically very similar and the different in terms of PDU number is due to the bigger population exist in BAT B.
Different theories of drug addiction
Uses of alcohol and at the last situation taking drugs is common to all classes of people. In UK, people from different mentality and family education having drugs. Some researcher, doctors of psychology and analyst stand some theories in this matter. These theories are world-wide recognized. Some of these theories are described below:
Biological theory states about various functions of physical structures or mechanism which influence individual to take drugs (Wes and Brown, 2013). Some factors are constitutional and this means several factors present as causes which attached from birth and it is common that these facts vary one to another. With that environmental factors slightly related. Suppose inborn factors in conjunction with environmental factors generate the habit of using drugs. In biological theory, most important segment that describes clearly about the influence of biological theory are genetic theory and metabolic imbalance.
Genetic factors are genetic mechanism and formation which sometimes turned as cause of taking drugs or alcoholism by individuals (Wes and Brown, 2013). Combination of various genes impact on the specific biological infrastructure to catch intension about abusing drugs. Person to person the genetic formation and number of genes vary and that’s why not all individual can see to have same degree of drugs. This genetic loading with combination with personal and environmental factors could arise significant tendency in genetic formation to have drugs. Most of the research trying to show a genetic factor in drug use has focused on alcoholism. And most amazing thing is that, no researcher exploring the inherited link with alcoholism asserts that genetic factors compose the only or even the principal factors in compulsive drinking drugs.
Next biological theory impose metabolic imbalance as a possible cause of taking at least one type of drug use and that is narcotic addiction. Theory suggest that user of heroine suffer from metabolic diseases and more diabetics do it. Once a person addicted with narcotic addiction, it rarely seen to back in normal life (Wes and Brown, 2013). Too much exposure to certain external factors suppose toxins, carcinogens or even taking too much food can create metabolic imbalance. This imbalance if not controlled will lead serious form of disease.
Theory based on psychological facts depend and stand on two broad category one emphasis on mechanism of reinforcement and another the psychological structure of drug user. The theory based on reinforcement is totally straightforward and underplay personal factors and behaviors.
In our surrounding there are two types of reinforcement such as positive and negative reinforcement. Positive reinforcement occurs when individual receives pleasurable incentives from using what previously used (Wise and Koob, 2014). This pleasure and not of being supported to come back motivates more to inclined with factors like using or taking drug. Negative reinforcement works when individual with negative consolidation and motivates to be back what caused most painful experience and hence motivated to avoid. In drug addiction or abuse it may be strong legal burden, family awareness and family bonding.
Psychological Structure of user
Not all individual has similar tendency and control power of emotion. Some are more linked with their emotion and less aware about what their emotions says (Wise and Koob, 2014). Not controlling teenage emotions, or after taking one time not coming back although knowing bad effect some causes because low psychological power. Sometimes individual with not more power control stress, pressure and mental agony committed these drugs.
In the previous two theories we have found more concentration on individual factors or like “kinds of individual factors”. But sociological factors describes using or abusing different drug from a broader perspective. Most socialist believe not in individual or individual characters rather than they impose responsibility on society structure, education and family bonding, social relationship and so on factors (Naqvi and Bechara, 2010). More specifically sociologist keep individual as part of one major factor of sociological theory.
Under sociological theory there are lot of sub-theories belongs. Such as social control theory, self-control theory, social learning and subcultural theory, social conflicts and social disorganization theory(Naqvi and Bechara, 2010). It we summarize these all theory, we will be found that sociologist did not claim individual or genetic factors rather they claimed the negativity of surrounding including overall society facts. If society learns individual about the value of their life to themselves, country or society or if family awareness stay strict and family bonding or relation stay stable, drug addiction rarely to be happened. It society let not provider to supply and suppliers were punished or government law enforcement would strong, it would not be happened.
Attitudes to drug taking
As the percentage of people taking drug is increasing, it should be taken as a serious illness of society. Drug addiction not only violates the social peace rather than it is destroying the life of potential teenager, breaking the family bonding, social relationships, leads the misuse of money and overall it has not positive impact on society, country or even in family. The time we are passing through is the best to take steps so that in can be stopped. To stop such misuse of wealth and teenager people of different categories in society can join. Combined effort of public, government and media can have critical violation of drug addiction. Now this part will show the respected party’s role on eradicating of drug addiction.
It can be said that, public is more powerful than government. In history every revolution come out successfully because of public awareness. So to eradicate this social curse the most important role of public will be aware about that. Public awareness means not letting someone to drug publicly, transfer him/her into law enforcement agent, being aware about children and teenager and monitor them what they are doing and their attributes (Huttner et al, 2010). Then abiding whatever rules and regulation government suggest. When the aware public will raise voice against drug addiction and inform about the supplier of drugs, most people will have no source to drug and automatically it will be dissolved. Various social organization to stop or inspiring people to come back in general living can be set up by public which will be most fruitful.
Government is most power organization of any nation or country. If we say about UK government, it is associated with strong finance support, excellent roller and administrative body (Donohew et al, 2012). So governmental effort will be more important and people will obviously obey it. Government can ban supplying drugs, can impose embargo to import drugs or restrict use and import of drug through imposing high tax rate, government can establish organization and can direct to monitor drug related activities in society. With that exemplary punishment to the users of drug should be ensured. Government can enforce laws and order the agent to look after the pros and cons of laws.
In the 21st century, media is the most powerful and influential medium of awaking public. As people nowadays more involved with paperless media, it can be better place to start movement against drug addiction. Most influential media like Facebook, twitter and google can spread movement against drug by informing the negative impact of it on society, country and our most potential teenager. On the other hand TV channel and newspaper can publish awakening news, negativity o drug addiction (Barry et al, 2014). They can arrange seminar, meeting, program and move for against drug. With that documentary to show how painful the life of a drug user and come can be come back from this life. Social media can inform about the supplier and help law enforcement agent to catch these harmful person for society.
Taking or using drug in the context of UK turned into a great issue necessary to be solve as soon as possible. And this report is about the different aspects of drug using. After completing this report, the author can be learned about what actually means as drug and realistic example. The author can have knowledge and idea why people are taking drugs and responsible factors behind this. On the other the author can also learn about different theories and pros and cons of these theories. The author can also learn about role of different parties including public, government and media to eradicate this illness from the society.
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